A Simple Index for the High-Citation Tail of Citation Distribution to Quantify Research Performance in Countries and Institutions
by Alonso Rodríguez-Navarro
Conventional scientometric predictors of research performance such as the number of papers, citations, and papers in the top 1% of highly cited papers cannot be validated in terms of the number of Nobel Prize achievements across countries and institutions. The purpose of this paper is to find a bibliometric indicator that correlates with the number of Nobel Prize achievements.
This study assumes that the high-citation tail of citation distribution holds most of the information about high scientific performance. Here I propose the x-index, which is calculated from the number of national articles in the top 1% and 0.1% of highly cited papers and has a subtractive term to discount highly cited papers that are not scientific breakthroughs. The x-index, the number of Nobel Prize achievements, and the number of national articles in Nature or Science are highly correlated. The high correlations among these independent parameters demonstrate that they are good measures of high scientific performance because scientific excellence is their only common characteristic. However, the x-index has superior features as compared to the other two parameters. Nobel Prize achievements are low frequency events and their number is an imprecise indicator, which in addition is zero in most institutions; the evaluation of research making use of the number of publications in prestigious journals is not advised.
The x-index is a simple and precise indicator for high research performance.
For the full article visit: A Simple Index for the High-Citation Tail of Citation Distribution to Quantify Research Performance in Countries and Institutions
Syndicated from:PLoS ONE
Article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.